5 Different Types of Back Pain and How Physiotherapy Can Help

Back pain is a common issue that affects people of all ages and lifestyles. Understanding the different types of back pain and their causes can help you seek the appropriate treatment. At All for One Physiotherapy, we specialize in diagnosing and treating various back pain conditions using evidence-based methods, including Clinical Pilates. In this blog post, we’ll explore five common types of back pain and explain how physiotherapy can help you find relief and get back to living your life.

1. Lower Back Pain

Overview: Lower back pain is the most common type of back pain and can be caused by various factors, including muscle strain, ligament sprain, or herniated discs.


  • Dull or sharp pain in the lower back
  • Stiffness and reduced range of motion
  • Pain that radiates to the buttocks or legs

How Physiotherapy Can Help: At All for One Physiotherapy, our physiotherapists conduct a thorough assessment to determine the underlying cause of your lower back pain. Treatment may include manual therapy, targeted exercises, and Clinical Pilates to strengthen the core muscles, improve flexibility, and alleviate pain. Research has shown that exercise therapy can significantly improve outcomes for patients with chronic lower back pain (Hayden et al., 2005).

2. Disc Herniation

Overview: Disc herniation, also known as a slipped or ruptured disc, occurs when the soft center of a spinal disc pushes through a crack in the tougher exterior casing. This can irritate nearby nerves.


  • Pain and numbness, most commonly on one side of the body
  • Pain that extends to your arms or legs
  • Pain that worsens after standing or sitting
  • Muscle weakness

How Physiotherapy Can Help: Our physiotherapists use a combination of manual therapy, exercises, and education to help manage disc herniation. Clinical Pilates can strengthen the supporting muscles of the spine, improve flexibility, and reduce pressure on the affected nerves. A study by Lisi et al. (2018) found that non-surgical treatments, including physiotherapy, are effective in managing symptoms of lumbar disc herniation.

3. Osteoporosis-Related Back Pain

Overview: Osteoporosis causes bones to become weak and brittle, making them more susceptible to fractures. Spinal fractures due to osteoporosis can cause significant back pain.


  • Sudden, severe back pain that may become chronic
  • Pain that worsens with activity
  • Loss of height over time
  • Stooped posture

How Physiotherapy Can Help: At All for One Physiotherapy, we focus on weight-bearing exercises, postural training, and strengthening exercises to improve bone density and reduce pain. Clinical Pilates can help improve balance, coordination, and muscle strength, which are crucial for managing osteoporosis. According to Giangregorio et al. (2014), exercise, particularly weight-bearing and resistance exercises, can improve bone health and reduce fracture risk in individuals with osteoporosis.

4. Referred Pain

Overview: Referred pain is pain felt in a part of the body other than its actual source. For example, back pain can be referred from hip problems or abdominal issues.


  • Pain that seems to move around
  • Discomfort that doesn’t change with movement or posture
  • Pain that accompanies other symptoms, such as gastrointestinal issues or hip discomfort

How Physiotherapy Can Help: Our physiotherapists will conduct a comprehensive assessment to identify the true source of referred pain. Treatment may include manual therapy, targeted exercises, and Clinical Pilates to address the underlying cause and alleviate pain. A comprehensive evaluation is crucial as referred pain can often mimic other conditions, making accurate diagnosis and treatment essential (Bogduk, 2009).

5. Muscle Weakness-Related Back Pain

Overview: Muscle weakness can contribute to back pain by causing imbalances and improper support of the spine. Weak core muscles, in particular, are a common cause.


  • Persistent back pain
  • Difficulty performing everyday activities
  • Poor posture
  • Reduced ability to move or lift objects

How Physiotherapy Can Help: Strengthening exercises are key to addressing muscle weakness. At All for One Physiotherapy, we design personalized exercise programs, including Clinical Pilates, to strengthen the core and back muscles. This helps improve posture, enhance mobility, and reduce pain. According to a study by Hodges and Richardson (1996), strengthening the deep abdominal muscles significantly improves spinal stability and reduces back pain.


Back pain can significantly impact your daily life, but with the right treatment, you can find relief and improve your overall well-being. At All for One Physiotherapy, we offer comprehensive physiotherapy services and Clinical Pilates to address various types of back pain. Our experienced team is dedicated to helping you achieve optimal health and function.

If you’re experiencing back pain, don’t wait to seek help. Contact All for One Physiotherapy today to book an appointment and start your journey toward a pain-free life.


  • Bogduk, N. (2009). On the definitions and physiology of back pain, referred pain, and radicular pain. Pain, 147(1-3), 17-19.
  • Giangregorio, L. M., et al. (2014). Too Fit To Fracture: exercise recommendations for individuals with osteoporosis or osteoporotic vertebral fracture. Osteoporosis International, 25(3), 821-835.
  • Hayden, J. A., van Tulder, M. W., Malmivaara, A., & Koes, B. W. (2005). Exercise therapy for treatment of non-specific low back pain. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, (3).
  • Hodges, P. W., & Richardson, C. A. (1996). Inefficient muscular stabilization of the lumbar spine associated with low back pain. Spine, 21(22), 2640-2650.
  • Lisi, A. J., et al. (2018). Non-surgical treatment of lumbar disc herniation: a review of clinical evidence and practice guidelines. The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, 118(8), 515-529.