Physiotherapy for Shoulder Injuries

We dive into the most common shoulder injuries and their physiotherapy treatment options

The shoulder is one of the most complex joints in the human body, providing a wide range of motion that allows us to perform various activities, including reaching, lifting, and throwing. However, due to its complexity, it is also one of the most susceptible to injuries. In this blog post, we will discuss the most common shoulder injuries and how physiotherapy treatment can help.

Rotator Cuff Injuries

The rotator cuff is a group of four muscles that surround the shoulder joint, which is responsible for stabilizing and moving the shoulder. Rotator cuff injuries are one of the most common shoulder injuries, which can be acute or chronic. Acute injuries happen suddenly, while chronic injuries develop over time due to repetitive overhead movements or prolonged degeneration of the tendons.

The most common symptom of rotator cuff injuries is shoulder pain, especially when raising the arm or sleeping on the affected side. Physiotherapy treatment for rotator cuff injuries usually involves a combination of exercises to strengthen the muscles surrounding the shoulder joint and improve range of motion. The physiotherapist may use manual therapy techniques to reduce pain and swelling, such as massage, joint mobilization, or trigger point release. Your physiotherapist may also use modalities such as ultrasound or electrical stimulation to help promote healing.

 

Frozen Shoulder

Frozen shoulder, also known as adhesive capsulitis, is a condition where the shoulder joint becomes stiff and painful, limiting movement. It often occurs after a period of immobility, such as after a surgery or injury, or due to underlying medical conditions such as diabetes, thyroid disorders, or heart disease.

The primary symptom of frozen shoulder is a gradual onset of shoulder pain and stiffness that worsens over time, limiting range of motion. Physiotherapy treatment for frozen shoulder involves gentle stretching exercises to help increase range of motion, as well as joint mobilization techniques to reduce pain and stiffness. Your physiotherapist may also use modalities such as heat or ice to help manage pain.

Shoulder Impingement Syndrome

Shoulder impingement syndrome occurs when the tendons and muscles around the shoulder joint become compressed or irritated, causing pain and discomfort. It often occurs due to overuse, repetitive overhead movements, or poor posture. It can also be caused by bone spurs or inflammation of the bursae (fluid-filled sacs) in the shoulder joint.

The primary symptom of shoulder impingement syndrome is pain in the front or side of the shoulder, especially when reaching overhead or behind the back. Physiotherapy treatment for shoulder impingement syndrome involves a combination of exercises to strengthen the muscles surrounding the shoulder joint and improve posture. The physiotherapist may use manual therapy techniques to reduce pain and improve joint mobility, such as massage, joint mobilization, or trigger point release. Your physiotherapist may also use modalities such as ultrasound or electrical stimulation to help promote healing.

Shoulder Dislocation

Shoulder dislocation occurs when the upper arm bone is forced out of the shoulder socket, usually due to a fall or injury. It can cause severe pain and limit shoulder movement. Shoulder dislocation can either be a partial dislocation (subluxation) or a complete dislocation, where the bone is entirely out of the socket.

The primary symptom of shoulder dislocation is sudden onset of severe pain, swelling, and limited range of motion. Physiotherapy treatment for shoulder dislocation involves a combination of exercises to strengthen the muscles surrounding the shoulder joint and improve range of motion. The physiotherapist may use manual therapy techniques to reduce pain and improve joint mobility, such as massage, joint mobilization, or trigger point release. Your physiotherapist may also use modalities such as heat or ice to help manage pain.

In conclusion, physiotherapy is a highly effective treatment option for various shoulder injuries. Whether it is a rotator cuff injury, frozen shoulder, shoulder impingement syndrome, or shoulder dislocation, physiotherapy can help alleviate pain, reduce inflammation, and improve mobility and get you back to doing what you love.

However, it is important to seek professional advice before beginning any treatment. A physiotherapist can assess your injury and provide a personalized treatment plan that suits your specific needs. They can also guide you through the rehabilitation process, providing advice on exercises and techniques to help you recover as quickly as possible.

If you are experiencing shoulder pain or have recently suffered a shoulder injury, see one of our physiotherapists today to discuss treatment options and develop a personalized plan for recovery.